An Open Letter to the New-York Historical Society
Like many others who care about the future of the "Triple Landmark" New-York Historical Society (N-YHS), LANDMARK WEST! received your letter emailed two days ago disputing the nearly unanimous vote against your project taken by Community Board 7's Parks & Preservation Committee on February 8, 2007.
Preserve History, Don't Distort Reality: The N-YHS mission is to educate the public about history, not distort the facts and belittle the public process. The bottom line is that you have so far failed to present a valid case for radically altering your Landmark site. The Parks & Preservation Committee rightly disapproved your application for facade alterations, finding it "unnecessary overkill with respect to the functional aims that drive this proposal, apparently motivated at least in part by the inappropriate decision to seek to 'modernize' the facade rather than to make minimally intrusive changes, and to respect above all the very features for which it was designated a landmark" (the Committee's full negative resolution is copied below). Furthermore, you have withheld information about development plans for a 280-foot tower that would loom over the Landmark, even though this project was reported in the New York Times and developers and architects have already been short-listed.
Disclose Your Finances: You have stated unequivocally that there is no linkage, financial or otherwise, between what you describe as Phase I (the facade alterations) and Phase II (the tower). You have also stated that Phase I would cost approximately $15 million and that N-YHS already has the money to fund Phase I without Phase II. Yet in a January 24, 2007, email to your list, you also state that "proceeds from the residential portion of our construction program would be used to help fund the Society's internal growth plans." The "Financial Statement" posted on your website (www.nyhistory.org) shows "investments" of $22.9 million, hardly a firm base for a $15 million capital project.
In order to consider the question of "linkage", greater disclosure of basic N-YHS finances is required. Are there financial resources not disclosed in your Financial Statement? Are there "off balance sheet" items (e.g., unfunded pension or health benefit or Other Post Employment Benefits obligations) not reflected?
Does recent departure of Richard Gilder as Chairman of the N-YHS Board (announced in late January 2007) reflect or portend a shift in the Society's financial support?
There must be a financial projection or a feasibility study reflecting the implementation of Phase II (presumably showing a range of possible outcomes). Will you disclose it? When?
Be Upfront With the Community: You have had ample opportunity to state your case. The community remains unconvinced. However, we are prepared to consider any additional information that directly and candidly addresses the questions raised above.
C o m m u n i t y B o a r d 7 Manhattan
February 8, 2007
Re: New-York Historical Society,
. Application to the Landmarks Preservation Commission for changes in the Central Park West facade and the 2 West 77th Street entrance and windows. West 77th Street
Parks & Preservation Committees Vote*: 6 In Favor 1 Against 0 Abstentions 0 Present
Non-Committee Board Member Vote: 2 In Favor 0 Against 0 Abstentions 0 Present
WHEREAS, the New-York Historical Society is a “Triple Landmark”: it is an Individual Landmark and is also within both the Upper West Side Central Park West Historic District and the Central Park West -- 76th Street Historic District; and
WHEREAS, in its
July 19, 1966 designation report the Landmarks Preservation Commission described the Historical Society building as “austerely classical in feeling, and displaying great dignity in its composition”, further described its Central Park West façade as “containing a colonnaded central section, which, though treated with great discipline, is nobly ornamental”, and concluded that the “pedimented heroic size main portal on Central Park West makes a very grand entrance to the building”; and
WHEREAS, in the designation report, the LPC found that the Historical Society “has a special character, special historical and aesthetic interest and value as part of the development, heritage and cultural characteristics of New York City” and that the Historical Society building “is a distinguished example of Roman Eclectic architecture, designed in the best classical tradition, that it contains much excellent architectural detail and that this imposing structure has great dignity and grandeur”; and
WHEREAS, the Historical Society forms a composition with one of New York’s greatest Individual Landmarks, the American Museum of Natural History; and
WHEREAS, the Historical Society is in the process of developing plans (“Phase 2”) for a mixed-use museum/residential building on its site fronting 76th Street, which would replace its existing library stack building, which may be as high as 280 feet; and
WHEREAS, such plans may also include a new, possibly all-glass, story over the landmark building, which, like the tower, would be visible from all surrounding public ways, and such Phase 2 plans appear likely to result in another LPC application in the very near future; and
WHEREAS, the Parks and Preservation Committee of Community Board 7, Manhattan, believes that the proposed changes to the Central Park West and 77th Street facades of the Historical Society that comprise the present application must be considered within the context of the very substantial additional changes to the Historical Society’s profile that are likely to be proposed soon in Phase 2; and
WHEREAS, the Committee is concerned that if the inappropriate elements of this proposal are approved, they will be used to bootstrap arguments that the Phase 2 design is appropriate; and
WHEREAS, numerous other institutions within Community Board 7, Manhattan’s boundaries are similarly landmarked, and similarly have unused development rights, and the Committee is very concerned that no undesirable precedent be set with this application, either with regard to the design itself or to the bifurcated consideration of major streetscape changes; and
WHEREAS, in this application the Historical Society is proposing façade changes that are “modern/contemporary” in design and materials (most notably the tri-partite rectangular doors at the Central Park West façade, the use of bronze and glass for the walls and railings of the entrance ramps on both facades, and the proposed informational “kiosks”), an approach that the Committee believes is inappropriate for this magnificent classical building – regardless of whether a modernist approach might be appropriate in a different landmark context; and
WHEREAS, at the proposed Central Park West entrance, the great pair of bronze doors would be removed, as would the elegant ornamental bronze decoration over the doors within the masonry frame; and
WHEREAS, the Committee does not believe that the proposal to apply the door panels as immovable decorative artifacts flanking the new contemporary triple door element would in any way make up for removing the doors from their original, functioning, position; and
WHEREAS, the proposed Central Park West entry, by making two new door openings of equivalent size and emphasis to the original door opening, would seriously abrogate the hierarchy of the grand pedimented entry that (as described by LPC in the designation report) forms the single most notable element of this great classical façade; and
WHEREAS, the Committee believes that in the proposed design the grand pedimented door surround -- stripped of its bronze doors and trim, with a modern rectangular glass and rectilinear metal door inserted in its denuded opening, and flanked by new glass and metal doors in a tri-partite modern idiom – reads more like a Post-Modern pastiche element imposed on the façade than as the noble unifying element it has always been; and
WHEREAS, the applicant proposes to remove the four historic torcheres (two on each façade) and “preserve” them by storing them in the Historical Society’s basement; and
WHEREAS, the applicant did not present to the Committee any material samples or similar means for the Committee to evaluate important details about, most notably (1) the proposed windows (glass and framing elements), (2) the high-tech “kiosks” and (3) the bronze and glass ramp walls and railings; and
WHEREAS, the Committee is sympathetic to the Historical Society’s desires to reorganize and maximize the utility of its internal exhibition and other space, to meet standards for emergency egress and handicapped accessibility and to appear more “transparent” and “inviting” to the public; and
WHEREAS, the Committee believes that changes to the Historical Society’s façades made to meet such desires should be minimally invasive to the historic fabric and grand classical design of the building; that they should be made to the full extent possible in the same classical idiom as the existing building, including the use of masonry where possible; and should involve the removal of a minimum of historic fabric; and
WHEREAS, although the Committee is generally receptive to the removal of the 1930’s glass block windows in the central bay of the Central Park West façade and the lowering and enlargement of the first floor windows on the 77th Street façade, it is not able to judge the appropriateness of the proposed replacement windows because it has not had the opportunity to see samples of either the glass elements or the metal framing elements of either set of windows; and
WHEREAS, the Committee appreciates that the proposed informational “kiosks” are free-standing, and would not directly impinge on the building fabric, but has reservations about their size, placement and operation as affecting the visual experience of regarding the building itself, and is not able to judge the appropriateness of the kiosks because it has not had the opportunity to view samples or images of similar kiosks; and
WHEREAS, the Committee is concerned about the additional encroachment of over one foot eastward onto the narrow Central Park West sidewalk by a substantially widened set of entrance stairs, and is also concerned about the extreme north-south length of the proposed ramp, and is not convinced that a less intrusive and more compact design might not be designed for those features; and
WHEREAS, the Committee is concerned that replacing the interior handicapped lift at the 77th Street entrance with an external lift of several more feet in height is likely to be problematic functionally; and
WHEREAS, the Committee believes that the present ramp and stairs at 77th Street, enclosed in a masonry wall, while of quite recent construction, are nevertheless appropriate to the historic building, and questions the utility of removing this functional and appropriate entrance for the sake of gaining very limited same-grade interior space at the 77th Street rotunda area; and
WHEREAS, the Committee believes that several elements of the proposed design are inappropriate to this important classical landmark: most notably (1) the removal of the great bronze doors in the entrance on Central Park West, as well as the bronze grill that is above the doors and within the door frame; (2) the tri-partite glass and metal rectilinear doors in contemporary idiom at Central Park West, with the flanking doors being of the same size as the central door, and of far greater size and prominence than the window openings that they replace; (3) the use of bronze and glass, rather than masonry, for the walls and railings of the new ramps on each of the affected facades; and (4) the removal of the four historic torcheres; and
WHEREAS, although the Committee appreciates that the Historical Society met with it on several occasions prior to the Committee’s formal meeting to consider this application, presented elements of its proposal and heard comments from Committee members, the Committee nevertheless regrets that in response to such meetings the Historical Society neither produced sample materials nor, most importantly, a proposed design that the Committee considers appropriate to this major classical landmark; and
WHEREAS, the Committee believes that the exterior changes to its classical façade proposed by the Historical Society are unnecessary overkill with respect to the functional aims that drive this proposal, apparently motivated at least in part by the inappropriate decision to seek to “modernize” the façade rather than to make minimally intrusive changes, and to respect above all the very features for which it was designated a landmark,
The Parks and Preservation Committee of Community Board 7, Manhattan, disapproves the proposal by the New-York Historical Society for changes to its Central Park West and 77th Street facades, urges the Landmarks Preservation Commission similarly to disapprove the application, and further urges the LPC (should it not disapprove this application) to withhold action on this application so that it may consider these changes together with the additional very substantial changes anticipated with Phase 2 as part of a unified scheme with very major streetscape impact.
* Subject to Full Board vote on
March 6, 2007